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About the Childcare Resource and Research Unit

The Childcare Resource and Research Unit is a policy research institute with a goal of early childhood education and child care for all --  fundamental  for women’s equality and a right for all children.

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Early years education and the value for money folklore 20 Nov 2019 | Europe
This article contributes to the debate on the role of human capital theory (HCT) in determining value for investment in early years’ education. It suggests that the HCT approach is not wrong per se but the questions associated with this folklore are flawed. The author stresses that an assessment of value for money or return is about value for governments, rather than the value for children. This value has resulted in a preoccupation with cognitive ability and complete failure to acknowledge the poor economic position of those providing early years education services.
Losing sight of the child? Human capital theory and its role for early childhood education and care policies in Finland and England since the mid-1990s 20 Nov 2019 | Europe
Using ECEC in Finland and England, this paper argues that human capital theory has become the dominant rationale for investing in ECEC. It explores the pattern of ECEC developments over time, the extent to which these developments have been framed as human capital investments, and the extent that there are references to supranational policy imperatives. According to the author, England is adhering to a model that reflects human capital perspectives, while Finland has put stronger emphasis on promoting well-being and a balanced development of children.
Resisting neoliberalism: Professionalisation of early childhood education and care 20 Nov 2019 | International
In this paper, the authors discuss that while professionalisation means different things to different people, early childhood is generally embedded in neoliberal agendas that hinder professionalisation. They determine that key elements of professionalisation include: a sector that is recognised by others outside the profession, a specialist knowledge base, rigorous and lengthy training, and professional bodies.
Unleashing our potential: The case for further investment in the child care subsidy 13 Nov 2019 | Australia and New Zealand
This report proposes to reduce the "Workforce Disincentive Rate" (WDR) which can be an extreme deterrent to employment for women. By reducing the cost of child care, it argues that targeted spending can remove a major barrier facing primary carers seeking to return to work. KPMG, an international consulting firm, proposes reducing WDRs to create a range of benefits for children, women and Australian society.
Competence requirements in early childhood education and care 13 Nov 2019 | Europe
This report presents the findings of a university-based European research project. The study explores conceptualisations of ‘competence’ and professionalism in the early childhood workforce, and identifies the importance of systemic conditions for developing, supporting and maintaining competence in all layers of the early childhood system. The work is based on a literature review, previous research and case studies, and make recommendations at the regional, national and European level.

Many social programs support families, but child care is the backbone of them all.

— National Council of Welfare, Preschool Children: Promises to Keep , 1999

Why good child care?


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